The role of architects in healthcare in India is quite different from any other structures and we at Panjwani Architects, Dehradun specialize in healthcare due to our long experience in this domain. In India tertiary care hospitals have to take several accreditations like JCI, NABH and approvals from top statutary agencies like AERB, PNDT, Fire NOC, Health Department. Most of the hospitals in India have to undergo major restructuring at the time of getting these accreditations as the essential requirements were not followed during the design phase. Things have particularly chaged in India with respect to patient safety and it has become a very important part of architect's job.
In India every hospital runs through its out patient department. The number of patients getting admitted to a hospital is a direct proportion of the patients seen in the OPD. Typically the number of patients visiting the OPD of any hospital is almost 10 times the number of beds in the hospital. In OPD areas the doctors are fixed in chambers while the patients are moving. At Panjwani Architects Dehradun our team specializinng in hospital and healthcare projects keeps this in mind while designing the hospital as the OPD should not become a bottleneck in the success of the hospital. In India mostly patients visit the hospital in the morning hours and the OPD areas should get maximum natural light.
Almost 50% of the patients getting admitted to any hospital in India would enter through the Emergency Room. The area should be located in such a place where ambulances and private vehicles can take the immobile patient very easily. As architect we ensure that the front porch should have enough space for the movement of stretchers and wheelchairs even in the case of a calamity. Our team at Panjwani Architect Dehradun ensures that the emergency room is designed in such a manner that shifting of the patients from stretchers to the emergency beds is not a problem. Our team of scpecialized architects also work on the fact that tests on the patients are required to be done quickly so there should be good space for the movement of doctors, paramedics and equipments.
Almost 50% of the patients visiting a doctor in the OPD of a hospital in India would require to undergo blood investigations in which the blood sample needs to be taken. The sample collection room should be located closer to the OPD area. Almost 40% of the patients in India would require radiological or other imaging tests for which the patient has to go into the machine room. The diagnostics area should be designed in such a manner that it allows free flow of both the patients and the care givers. Stretchers and wheelchairs should easily reach the machine rooms. These things come to Panjwani Architects Dehradun through experience in working on national as well as international hospital projects.
Almost 80% revenue of any big hospital in India comes from the Inpatient Area. It is this area where the patients have to spend several days while recuperating in the hospital. This area requires free flow of the care givers - doctors, nurses and other service providers. The area also has the movement of the patient attendants and the visitors. At Panjwani Architects Dehradun our team of interior designer give a lot of weightage to the ambience and theme in hospital patient room. The patient rooms should be comfortable and should provide basic ameneties like a working desk for the attendant or the patient. The nurse call system in both the patient room as well as the toilet are an absolute must. The door sizes should be big enough for transferring the patient on the bed itself.
The ICU's should not be dingy and if a good architect can provide natural daylight in the ICU then it greatly helps in faster recovery of critically ill patients. Since the patients have to be on their own without the comfort of an attendant in the ICU so special care must be taken to make the ambience less dreary. A lot of medical services are required to be given in the ICU and the flow of nurses and doctors is much faster so there should be ample spaces to handle any kind of emergency situation. OT's must be designed in such a manner that the infection rate is close to nil.